Our home planet is getting warmer and warmer every day because of huge amounts of carbon released into the atmosphere that becomes carbon dioxide and methane which are both greenhouse gases. Global warming is getting more and more serious; did we reach the point of no return?
Understanding Carbon’s Effect on Global Warming
Carbon is naturally found on Earth; it is stored in the soil and can be released by soil organisms, plants, and animals through heat. Carbon helps them to keep warm during cold days and for their growth. However, when carbon is released into the atmosphere it is converted into carbon dioxide and methane, both greenhouse gasses, and if released in significant amount both can be bad for our home planet.
Global Warming Tipping Point
According to NASA, Earth’s climate tipping point is “when Earth’s climate abruptly moves between relatively stable states”. It’s like a glass of water tipping over, when the water spilled on the floor you can no longer drink it anymore. This tipping point also contributes to the planet’s worsening problem such as ocean circulation, ice loss, and rapid release of methane.
Changes in our ocean circulation can affect the weather pattern in certain regions and can lead to a big drop in temperature in Western Europe. Ice loss on the other hand, makes the sea level increase which can be dangerous for the people living near coastal areas and can have a big effect in terms of economics.
September 2016 was the warmest September in 136 years of modern record-keeping, according to a monthly analysis of global temperatures by scientists at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York. September 2016’s temperature was a razor-thin 0.004 degrees Celsius warmer than the previous warmest September in 2014. The margin is so narrow those two months are in a statistical tie. Last month was 0.91 degrees Celsius warmer than the mean September temperature from 1951-1980. The record-warm September means 11 of the past 12 consecutive months dating back to October 2015 have set new monthly high-temperature records. Updates to the input data have meant that June 2016, previously reported to have been the warmest June on record, is, in GISS’s updated analysis, the third warmest June behind 2015 and 1998 after receiving additional temperature readings from Antarctica. The late reports lowered the June 2016 anomaly by 0.05 degrees Celsius to 0.75. “Monthly rankings are sensitive to updates in the record, and our latest update to mid-winter readings from the South Pole has changed the ranking for June,” said GISS director Gavin Schmidt. “We continue to stress that while monthly rankings are newsworthy, they are not nearly as important as long-term trends.” The monthly analysis by the GISS team is assembled from publicly available data acquired by about 6,300 meteorological stations around the world, ship- and buoy-based instruments measuring sea surface temperature, and Antarctic research stations. The modern global temperature record begins around 1880 because previous observations didn’t cover enough of the planet. Monthly analyses are updated when additional data become available, and the results are subject to change. Image: A map of the September 2016 LOTI (land-ocean temperature index) anomaly, showing that much of the warmer temperatures occurred in the northern hemisphere. Credit: NASA/GISS. #nasa #globalwarming #climatechange #september #september2016 #tbt #throwbackthursday #science #data #earthrightnow
Should We Be Worried?
Earth’s temperature has been increasing significantly, ice are continuously melting which causes the Earth to absorb more heat; permafrost are also starting to thaw which also contains greenhouse gasses. Industrialization also contributes a big factor in global warming by releasing carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide which are all greenhouse gases, ergo making Earth warmer.
Should we be worried? Yes. But what can we do?
We can expand the usage of renewable energy that will not depend on coal and fossil, reduce tropical deforestations, or support solutions for oil usage. Although there is an effort in fighting climate change, the Paris Agreement, that keeps the increase of global average temperature to be below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6F)
Come to think of it, humans wants a safe and healthy environment, but it is also humans who destroys our (could be) only home planet. Global warming is not something scientists made up, it’s real, and it affects all of human race.